Radiation from the sun that can generate heat, trigger chemical reactions, or be used to generate electricity is referred to as solar energy. The entire amounts of solar energy that strikes Earth far exceeds the demands for energy that are being met today and those that are expected to be met in the future.

This extremely dispersed source was the potential to fulfill all of our future energy requirements if it can be utilized in the right way. In stark contrast to the limited supplies of fossil fuels like coal, petroleum, & natural gas, the inexhaustible supply of solar energy is bound to make it an increasingly desirable renewable energy source in the 21st century. This is due to the fact that solar energy does not contribute to pollution in any way.

Even while sunlight is by far the most significant contributor to the total amount of energy that is delivered to Earth, which comes primarily from the Sun, the intensity of sunlight near the surface of the planet is actually quite low. The immense radial dispersion of radiation coming from the faraway Sun is primarily responsible for this phenomenon.

As much as % of the incoming sunlight can be absorbed or scattered by the Earth’s atmosphere & clouds, which together account for a very insignificant additional loss. The amount of visible light, ultraviolet light, and other types of electromagnetic radiation that make it to the ground from the sun is negligible. Infrared radiation makes up nearly half of the sunlight which reaches the surface of the earth.

Our mobile phones, computers, and other electronic devices, as well as the lights, soldering irons, & air conditioners in our homes and businesses, are all powered by electricity. In today’s modern environment, it is extremely difficult to avoid it. Even if you make an effort to avoid it, electricity can still be found everywhere in nature, from lightning that strikes during a storm to the synapses that are found within our own bodies.

But exactly what is it that electricity is? This is a really intricate subject, and as you delve further & ask more questions, you will realize that there is actually not a final answer; instead, there are just abstract representation of how electricity interact with the world around us.

Electricity is just a natural occurrence that can be found in a variety of guises and can be found anywhere in the natural world. The topic of discussion in this guide will be current electricity, also known as the material that runs our various electronic devices. Our objective is to gain an understanding of how electricity travels from the power source to wires, illuminating LEDs, driving motors, and providing power to electronic devices that we use for communication.

The movement of electric charge is a simplistic way to define electricity; yet, there is a great deal more to understand about this topic. Where exactly do all of these fees originate from? What is the most efficient way to transport them? Where do they end up settling down? How is it that an electric charge may cause anything to move mechanically or for something to light up? So many questions! Before we can even begin to describe what electricity is, we need to zoom all the way in, past the matter & molecules, all the way to the atom that make up everything in life that we come into contact with.